An introduction to the principles of thermodynamics
Demonstrate an understanding of thermodynamic properties, the concept of a thermodynamic systems (isolated, closed, open) and the main methods of energy transfer.
Demonstrate a clear understaing of the state of a thermodynamic system and various types of thermodynamic processes (Isobaric, Isochoric, Isothermal, Polytropic, Adibatic)
Distinguish between extensive and intensive properties, describe the processes of sublimination, vapourisation, condensation etc and read standard liquid vapor tables (i.e. Steam Tables) and hence calculate the thermodynamic properties of vapour-liquid mixtures
Draw and label thermodynamic processes on standard thermodynamic diagrams (Pv and Tv).
State the Zeroth and First Law of thermodynamics and demonstrate its application to both closed and open thermodynamic systems by been able to solve thermodynamic problems involving an ideal gas, phase change fluids, and incompressible substances by using the steady flow energy equation
State the Clausius and Plank on the 2nd Law of thermodynamics and demonstrate the significance of entropy generation in relation to the direction of both reversibile abd non -reversibile processes)
Apply the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics to work processes in thermodynamics components and to all cycles for power production, for the listed thermodynamic systems listed:
o Carnot Heat Engine and Heat Pump
o Stirling Heat Engine
o Otto Heat Engine
o Diesel Heat Engine
o Simple Brayton Heat Engine
Distinguish bewteen irreversibile and reversibile entrophy generation and estimate the enrtopy generated in a thermodynamic process using the combined laws of thermodynamics and the entropy balance equation.
Represent the above thermodynamic systems in either a Pv or Ts Diagram an list possibile strageties for efficency improvement using the combined laws of thermodynamics.